Ice Cream And It’s Evolution

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Summers in tropical countries is a wonderful thing. When the weather warms up, people head outdoors but only to end up in sweat and much more frustration. Days are long and hot—perfect conditions for having picnics by the lake and enjoying yourself in the water parks. Best of all, a sweaty brow is a great excuse to gather your friends and go out for a drippy cone of ice cream.

It’s cold. It’s sweet. It’s creamy. And that burst of fruit-filled, nutty, or chocolate-chunky flavor can be incredibly refreshing when the steamy heat of midday starts to weigh you down. As far as I’m concerned, ice cream is summer’s most delightful treat.

The origin of ice-cream dates back all the way to 2nd century B.C. No specific dates or inventories are recorded.

500 B.C.

Ice cream finds its origin in the Persian Empire. They would pour grape juice concentrates over snow and eat it during the hot summers. The snow was kept in underground chambers known as “Yakchal”.

323-356 B.C.

Alexander the Great enjoyed snow and ice combined with honey and nectar.

200 B.C.

Ancient Chinese records tell of frozen mixture of milk and rice that was consumed as a summer treat.

37-68 A.D.

The Roman Emperor Nero frequently sent runners to mountains to bring ice and combine them with various fruit toppings. These were some early chilled delicacies.

800-900 CE

Arabs defined the modern recipe for ice cream by introducing milk and sugar as the primary ingredient.

By the end of 10th century, ice cream made of milk, cream, flavored rose water, dried fruits and nuts was used over entire Arab lands, especially in Baghdad, Damascus and Cairo.

Late 13th century

Marco Polo returns from China with the tale and recipe of ice cream. The recipe was very like what we would call sherbet.

1533

Ice cream remained popular only in Italy until the marriage of Catherine de’Medici and Henry II of France. They introduced ice cream to France and soon spread over entire Europe.

1649

“Cream Ice” was served regularly at the table of Charles I, then the Emperor of England.

The most famous ice cream related death. Chef of Charles I of England was beheaded shortly after his famous ice cream recipe started circulating in the public. He died because he broke his oath to Charles I of England never to reveal it.

1744

Scottish colonists brought ice cream to North America.

1813

Wife of U.S. President James Madison, Dolly Madison served ice cream at the inaugural Presidential ball of 1813.

1851

The commercial ice cream production begins in North America facilitated by the invention of the portable freezer.

1904

Ice cream cones were served in the 19th century, and their popularity increased greatly during the St. Louis’s World Fair in 1904.

According to legends, at the World’s Fair, a Syrian waffle maker began rolling his pastries into horns to help an ice cream vendor who was running out of dishes.

1934

 

The era of chocolate ice cream began!!

“Eskimo Pie” was the first chocolate covered ice cream. It was available in both stick and stickless form.

1939

Mass production of ice cream started in America. This was sent to boost the morale of the Allied Troops in Europe. This helped to popularize this dish across the entire world. A majority of the world thought of ice cream as an American invention.

Ice cream became popular throughout the world in the second half of 20th century after cheap refrigeration became common. There was an explosion of ice cream stores and flavors and types.

One important development in the 20th century was the introduction of soft ice cream, which has more air mixed in thereby reducing costs. It made possible the soft ice cream machine in which a cone is filled beneath a spigot in order.

Technological innovations such as these have introduced various food additives into ice cream, the notable one being the stabilizing agent Gluten, to which some people have an intolerance.

The most popular flavors of ice cream are vanilla and chocolate and the second favorite being butterscotch.

Ice cream history is still in a making with new flavors and types of ice cream being added on a regular basis.

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Shreya Chakraborty
A To be Chemical Engineer, dancer and a big foodie with loads of love for traveling.
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